Since the Texas Republic had existed for almost a decade as a sovereign nation, and had now chosen to enter the Union of its own accord, Polk believed Mexico had no just cause for complaint. Nor did Polk believe that Mexico had a valid claim to the stretch of land between the Rio Grande and the Nueces River, another bone of contention for Mexico.
Essay about The Annexation of Mexico -- Mexican Revolution, United State
On this point he was prepared to be more conciliatory, however, regarding the boundary dispute as the principal obstacle to normal diplomatic relations between the United States and Mexico. But the Polk administration believed the time was ripe to pressure Mexico into making further concessions. Alarmed by reports of British interference in California, Polk instructed Slidell to warn Mexican leaders that the United States would take steps to prevent the cession of California to any European power.
Should Mexico wish to sell the land, however, the United States was prepared to make several propositions. For the New Mexico territory, Polk authorized the U. Anxious to resolve its problems with Mexico as quickly as possible, the administration took the unusual step of sending Slidell on his diplomatic mission as a recess appointment, without waiting for Senate confirmation.
Assuming that a U. Congress convened in December, the Mexican government did not expect Slidell to arrive until early the following year.
AP U.S. History Notes
He urged Slidell to write to Washington to obtain new credentials, a request the U. By this time, however, conservative forces were now moving to supplant the Herrera regime. On December 30, Herrera resigned and handed over the reins of government to Paredes. Believing that a new government might be in a stronger position to negotiate with the United States, the U. But the U. A man of strong anti-American sentiments, Paredes showed little interest in reaching an accord with the United States.
What the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Actually Says
In addition, Washington had already sent troops under General Zachary Taylor into the trans-Nueces and ordered its navy off the Mexican coast, warlike measures that made an accommodating posture on the part of the new regime politically untenable. Secretary of State Buchanan wrote to the U. There was a significant caste system which existed in New Spain Mexico prior to independence that enforced many racial classifications, but after independence from Spain in , such classifications largely were disregarded. Nonetheless, Mexico remained quite racially diverse with large amounts of brown and dark-skinned individuals.
- Why the United States Did Not Annex Mexico after the Mexican-American War.
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- The Annexation of Mexico!
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Similarly, the population of Mexico is and was overwhelmingly Roman Catholic. In fact, it was the only religion permitted in the country under its Constitution. They would not have been inclined to try something new, even with the liberty to do so.
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Lastly, slavery had been abolished entirely by and by the last vestiges of it were long eradicated. By contrast, the United States of America in had a population of roughly twenty-one million people. Some fourteen million of them were white, mostly Protestant, and had Anglo-Saxon ancestry with traces of Irish, German, French, and other western European roots. Additionally, three million of these people were African-American, two million of which were enslaved and roughly one million which were free.
The Native American population was not accurately documented during this time, but their numbers were still arguably million. Next, American culture in this era had a very deep canyon of inequalities between whites and non-whites of all groups. Most African-Americans were enslaved and those who were free were still subject to various types of discrimination regardless of the states where they resided.